Allergists Who Are on the Vanguard of Immunology Research in Texas Medical Centers

+Dallas
Rebecca S. Gruchalla, MD, PhD is Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Chief of Allergy and Immunology. She initially focused her research on the mechanisms and treatment of drug allergies. More recently, she has focused on pediatric asthma. Dr. Gruchalla was an investigator on a multi-center NIH study that examined the role of indoor allergen control and morbidity associated with asthma in inner city asthmatic children. In addition, she and the other site investigators examined the effects of indoor and outdoor air pollutants, such as ozone, nicotine, PM 2.5 and nitrogen dioxide on asthma severity as well. She and other Dallas investigators, including Dr. David Khan, soon will begin a project that will evaluate the role of indoor allergens in schools and homes on asthma-associated morbidity in inner city asthmatic children.

Donald Kennerly, MD, PhD started his professional career at UT Southwestern Medical Center and currently is Clinical Associate Professor. Also he is Medical Director of the Center for Quality and Care Coordination at Baylor University Medical Center. He has made important contributions to the mechanisms and management of asthma.

David Khan, MD is Assistant Professor of Medicine at UT Southwestern Medical Center and he directs the training program in allergy and immunology. Currently he is interested in mood disorders and asthma amongst inner-city patients. He is co-investigator of an NIMH study evaluating the effects of treatment of depression on asthma outcomes in adult asthma patients with depression.

+Galveston
J. Andrew Grant, MD is Professor of Medicine and Microbiology at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB). He founded the first basic research laboratory and training program in allergy and immunology in this state in 1973. He has a distinguished career investigating allergic mechanisms and novel therapies. He was recipient of a lifetime achievement award from the American Lung Association of Texas. More recently, he has demonstrated the effectiveness of telemedicine protocols for allergy and asthma care for groups around this state.

Rafeul Alam MD, PhD is Professor of Medicine and Microbiology and Director of Allergy & Clinical Immunology at UTMB. He holds the Sealy and Smith Distinguished Chair in Medicine. Dr. Alam directs the only NIAID Asthma and Allergic Diseases Center in the southern United States. He is an international leader in defining signaling pathways in the cells associated with allergic and asthmatic diseases.

Randall Goldblum, MD is Professor of Pediatrics and Human Biological Chemistry and Genetics at UTMB. He is Director of the Child Health Research Center and the Children's Asthma Program. Also, he is codirector of the training program in allergy and immunology. Dr. Goldblum’s research has made pioneering discoveries about the mechanisms of mucosal immunity. He has also characterized some of the major pollens causing allergic reactions in Texas. He is Associate Director of Sealy Center for Environmental Health and Medicine and is developing new approaches to evaluating the impact of air pollution on asthma.

Frank C. Schmalstieg, Jr., MD, PhD is Professor of Pediatrics at UTMB. He has identified the cause of several unique children with congenital immunodeficiencies. Recently his research has included evaluation of the injury to the lungs in children with severe burns. Dr. Schmalstieg directs the Immunology Clinic and follows children from all over Texas with complicated immunologic conditions.

Sanjiv Sur, MD is Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Adult Allergy Clinic at UTMB. He has made important contributions to understanding the cause of sudden death in asthma. His research explores new ways to modify allergic reactions, and it is likely some of these findings will lead to new therapies for asthma and allergic diseases. Recently he had discovered new information about the way pollen grains interact with the respiratory passages.

Edward G. Brooks, MD is Associate Professor of Pediatrics at UTMB and Director of the Children's Asthma Program. His research includes effective ways to manage children with asthma, mechanisms of pediatric immunodeficiencies, effects of air pollution on asthma, and structure of allergenic pollens.

+Houston
William T. Shearer, MD, PhD is Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology and Director of Pediatric Allergy & Clinical Immunology at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital. He directs the training program in allergy and immunology at Baylor. Dr. Shearer is a pioneer in research into mechanisms of primary immunodeficiency diseases. He was the principle physician for David, the “bubble boy, a child with severe combined immune deficiency. He is also an acknowledged leader into mechanisms of immune dysfunction in children with HIV infections and directs the NIH Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Unit in Houston. Most recently, he is heading a group investigating effects of space environment on human immune function with the National Space Biomedical Research Institute.

David P. Huston, MD is Professor of Medicine and Immunology and holds the Cullen Chair in Immunology at Baylor College of Medicine. He is also director for Baylor’s Biology of Inflammation Center and Chief of the Immunology Allergy and Rheumatology Section in the Department of Medicine. He is also director of training in allergy and immunology as well as rheumatology in the Department of Medicine. Dr. Huston’s NIH-funded research focuses on the immunobiology of cytokines in allergic inflammation. His studies have provided insight into the functional structure of IL-5 and the mechanisms that regulate IL-5 signaling. Dr. Huston is a member of the NIH/NIAID Allergy Immunology and Transplantation study section.

Gailen Marshall, MD, PhD is Professor of Medicine, and head of Allergy and Immunology at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston. In addition, to the instruction of residents of allergy and immunology, Dr. Marshall performs research on how plasma and cell-bound cytokines influence immune responses to allergy, asthma, and other immune disorders. He has been a major leader in this specialty nationally and in Texas.

Roger D. Rossen, MD is Professor of Immunology and Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine and is Director of the Allergy and Immunology clinics at the Houston Veterans Administration Medical Center. Dr. Rossen is a NIH and VA-funded investigator whose research is focused on the role of leukocyte and endothelial adhesion molecules in regulating vascular inflammation, as well as determining the role of adhesion molecules in the immune response to HIV.

Howard M. Rosenblatt, MD is Associate Professor of Pediatrics, at Baylor and Texas Children’s Hospital. He has created B-cell lines on children with severe combined immunodeficiency that have served as sources for the discovery of defective genes by leading immunologists around the world. Dr. Rosenblatt directs the NIH Pediatric Immunology Core Laboratory at Baylor.

Frank M. Orson, MD is Associate Professor of Medicine and Immunology and is codirector for the Allergy and Immunology clinics at Houston’s Veterans Administration Medical Center. Dr. Orson is a VA-funded investigator whose research addresses the mechanisms of peanut anaphylaxis and vaccine strategies for modulating allergic reactions.

Stuart L. Abramson, MD PhD is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology at Baylor and Texas Children’s Hospital. He has pioneered techniques for computer intervention for childhood asthma. He is a participating member of the Robert Wood Johnson-supported asthma surveillance research project that was awarded to Texas Children’s Hospital (C. Macias, principal investigator).

Mary E. Paul, MD is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, at Baylor and Texas Children’s Hospital. She is principal investigator of Ryan White funding for pediatric AIDS and the AIDS Adolescent Initiative, sponsored by the NIH. She is also in charge of the adolescent program of the Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Unit at Baylor.

Susan E. Pacheco, MD is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Baylor and Texas Children’s Hospital. She is a mucosal immunologist and has won several NIH grant awards for her work with nasal vaccines for HIV infection. She is also heavily involved in the Women’s and Infants Transmission Study, sponsored by the NIH.

Lenora M. Noroski, MD is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Immunology at Baylor and Texas Children’s Hospital and codirector of training in allergy and immunology. She is recipient of numerous Under-served Minority Investigator Awards from the NIH. She won the coveted Texas Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Society Memorial Foundation Award for her research on the role of the thymus in pediatric HIV infection.

Jack B. Mazow, MD is a Volunteer Professor of Medicine and Pediatrics at Baylor. Dr. Mazow has made a life-long study of the criteria for initiating immunotherapy of allergic disease. He is one of the most well respected allergists in Houston, retiring from a private practice to take up part-time duties at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children’s Hospital. He is also a Clinical Professor at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston and the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston

J. Edward Hernandez, MD is Assistant Professor of Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine. He is the recipient of a NIH research award, a Glaxo Wellcome allergy research award, and a Sepracor Research in Allergy and Pulmonary Diseases award. Dr. Hernandez is codirector for clinical training in allergy and immunology in the outpatient clinics of Baylor Internal Medicine Consultants.

+San Antonio
San Antonio has many outstanding allergists, however, two of San Antonio's best have distinguished themselves nationally.

Colonel Theodore M. Freeman retired from the US Air Force a year ago after being Chairman of the Department of Allergy/Immunology at Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center from 1989 to 2001. While at Wilford Hall, Dr. Freeman did pioneering work establishing the safety and effectiveness of allergy injections for imported fire ants in allergic patients. He has published multiple papers on fire ant allergy and is nationally recognized as an expert in this field. Dr. Freeman recently joined Robert L. Jacobs, MD in the practice of allergy and immunology in San Antonio.

Robert L. Jacobs, MD is also a former chairman of the Department of Allergy at Wilford Hall. Dr. Jacobs remains active in research related to mold and bacterial contamination of buildings and homes. He has recently published his extensive research related to interstitial lung disease in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Dr. Jacobs was recently named as an expert member of a committee of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology that will research the issue surrounding "toxic mold." They intend to write a "White Paper on Black Mold."

+Other Texas Allergists who have made important contributions
Ernest N Charlesworth, MD is in the private practice of allergy and dermatology at the Shannon Clinic in San Angelo. He is one of only a hand full of physicians in this country who are certified in both of these specialties. Dr. Charlesworth has been a national leader in these disciplines and has written extensively about management of urticaria, eczema, and other skin disorders.

William Fawcett, MD is in the private practice of allergy and immunology in Beaumont. He has been a leader in this specialty within Texas and nationally and he has pioneered techniques for teaching principles of asthma management by computers.

The Texas Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Society (TAAIS) is a group of more than 220 board-certified Allergists/Immunologists in Texas.

An Allergist/Immunologist is a physician, usually an Internist or Pediatrician, who has had special training and experience in the field of Allergy and Immunology and who is considered to be an expert in the diagnosis and management of immune system disorders such as asthma, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), eczema, urticaria (hives), drug reactions, food allergies, immune deficiencies, and all general aspects of anaphylaxis.

A Board Certified Allergist/Immunologist is a physician who has passed the certifying examination of the American Board of Allergy and Immunology. A list of Board Certified Allergists can be found here. Those with “ABAI” under Board Certification are Board Certified Allergists/Immunologist.